Habitats and ecosystems
Scotland's habitats are rich and varied. These have been shaped by natural variation in the rocks, soils, land forms, the surrounding seas and vagaries of our climate. Centuries of farming and other human use also have an important role.
Some of Scotland's habitats are world class. Our cool wet climate means we have some of the best examples of peat bogs and oakwoods in Europe. The spectacular flower-rich machair of the Western Isles and the flame shell beds in our sea-lochs are found on the west coast of Scotland and Ireland and nowhere else.
Find out more about Scotland's habitats, the species they support and why they are important to people.
From sheltered glens to rocky shores; fertile lowlands to high mountains, Scotland has an exciting range of woodland types.
Discover why Scotland's mountains and moorlands are an important part of what makes our country special.
Discover Scotland's wet places - a mountain burn and the mighty Tay; a tiny pond to the depths of Loch Ness; a lowland bog to the vast Insh Marshes.
Much of the variety and interest of Scotland's landscapes, habitats and wildlife has been created by generations of farmers and crofters working on the land.
Wherever you are in Scotland, you are never more than 65 km from the sea. Scotland's coasts and seas are dramatic, varied and highly productive.
The urban environment is important because it keeps people in touch with nature.
Last updated on Friday 1st March 2013 at 12:14 PM. Click here to comment on this page