Scotland's diverse habitats support thousands of species. Some are mainly found in Scotland and others are found all over the world. Some live here all the time and others are visitors. Some are large and well known like dolphins and pine trees, others are small and less well known like lichens and ants, their beauty often only revealed under a magnifying glass. Together they fill Scotland with colour, movement and sound and many also have an important role in keeping a clean and productive environment.
SNH's Species Action Framework sets out a strategic approach to species management in Scotland.
Find out about changes to Scottish wildlife over time in 'Our changing environment' .
Discover algae! From giant marine kelp forests to microscopic plankton, algae are immensely productive and form the basis of many food-chains.
Want to tell the difference between a reptile and an amphibian? Find out more about our frogs, newts, toads, lizards, snakes and marine turtles.
Scotland has international importance for its huge summer seabird colonies and giant flocks of wintering ducks, geese and waders. Find out about these and other birds.
More than 160 species of fish occur in Scotland's lochs, rivers, firths and inshore waters. Learn more about the river running Atlantic salmon, mysterious eel and more.
From alpine plants in our high mountain corries to our colourful coastal grasslands, find out more about Scotland's many rare and beautiful plants.
There is much more to ferns than first meets the eye. Meet some old friends and get a glimpse of the more unusual.
More than just mushrooms, fungi tidy up litter, help plants grow and are responsible for many of our major medicines.
Find out about beetles, butterflies, dragonflies, ants, bees, jellyfish, slugs, snails, mussels and much more, inhabiting our land, rivers, lochs and seas.
Scotland is home to a staggering variety of lichens. Find out what they are and how they add colour and texture to Scotland's landscape.
From the small to the large, from predatory pine martens and otters to ocean whales and dolphins discover more about Scotland's mammals.
With nearly a thousand species, Scotland is internationally important for these tiny plants. Despite being small, they carpet our woodlands and form huge expanses of peat.
Use our interactive map to find out about species sightings recorded in your area.
Last updated on Thursday 18th March 2010 at 12:29 PM. Click here to comment on this page