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Land mammals

Our large mammals, the bear, the wolf, the elk and the lynx, were exterminated long ago but Scotland still has a wealth of mammals. As thousands of badger watchers will testify, our largest remaining terrestrial carnivore is a delight to see. Many mammals are protected and Scottish Natural Heritage helps to monitor their populations. If you want to help conserve mammals or just learn more about the mammals around you, you can become a member of the special interest groups like the Bat Conservation Trust external site , The Mammal Society external site  or Scottish Badgers external site .

Badger (Meles meles) emerging from hedge.
©Laurie Campbell/SNH. For information on reproduction rights contact the Scottish Natural Heritage Image Library on Tel. 01738 444177 or www.snh.gov.uk/copyright/

Badgers

The badger is Scotland's largest carnivore. Find out about their nocturnal habits and relationship with humans.

Pine Marten. ©Lorne Gill/SNH.For information on reproduction rights contact the Scottish Natural Heritage Image Library on Tel. 01738 444177 or www.snh.gov.uk/copyright/

Pine martens

Arguably Scotland's most beautiful mammal and now expanding from their Highland stronghold.

Captive European Otter (Lutra lutra) Highland Wildlife Park.  ©Lorne Gill/SNH.For information on reproduction rights contact the Scottish Natural Heritage Image Library on Tel. 01738 444177 or www.snh.gov.uk/copyright/

Otters

Scotland is a European stronghold for the otter. A species recovering well as UK waterways are cleaned up.

Daubenton's bat (Mytosis Daubentonii). ©John Haddow/SNH. For information on reproduction rights contact the Scottish Natural Heritage Image Library on Tel. 01738 444177 or www.snh.gov.uk/copyright/

Bats

There are at least nine species of bat in Scotland. The most numerous and familiar of these are pipistrelles.

Captive Scottish Wildcat (Felix sylvestris) at the Highland Wildlife Park.  ©Lorne Gill/SNH.For information on reproduction rights contact the Scottish Natural Heritage Image Library on Tel. 01738 444177 or www.snh.gov.uk/copyright/

Wildcats

You will be extremely lucky to see Scotland's wild cat - it is our most threatened mammal with perhaps only a few hundred still alive.

Fox. ©Lorne Gill/SNH. For information on reproduction rights contact the Scottish Natural Heritage Image Library on Tel. 01738 444177 or www.snh.gov.uk/copyright/

Other carnivores

Find out more about our other carnivores, including foxes and five members of the weasel family.

Red Deer stag on Rum NNR. ©Laurie Campbell/SNH. For information on reproduction rights contact the Scottish Natural Heritage Image Library on Tel. 01738 444177 or www.snh.gov.uk/copyright/

Deer

Including the majestic red deer that roam the Scottish hill, roe deer and other introduced species.

Brown Hare (Lepus capensis).  ©Lorne Gill/SNH.For information on reproduction rights contact the Scottish Natural Heritage Image Library on Tel. 01738 444177 or www.snh.gov.uk/copyright/

Hares and rabbits

Scotland has millions of rabbits and two species of hare, but only the mountain hare is native.

Red Squirrel. © Paul Cook/SNH. For information on reproduction rights contact the Scottish Natural Heritage Image Library on Tel. 01738 444177 or www.snh.gov.uk/copyright/

Squirrels

Scotland is destined to be the last British refuge for the red squirrel. Read about why we need to halt the spread of grey squirrel.

Croftcroighm, Ruchazie Water vole latrine.  © Jenny Park/SNH. For information on reproduction rights contact the Scottish Natural Heritage Image Library on Tel. 01738 444177 or www.snh.gov.uk/copyright/

Water voles

Find out about this charismatic riverbank species and why mink are not good news.

Wood Mouse. ©Jim Parkin/SNH. For information on reproduction rights contact the Scottish Natural Heritage Image Library on Tel. 01738 444177 or www.snh.gov.uk/copyright/

Other small mammals

Mice, voles and shrews are the most abundant mammals in Scotland and play a vital role in supporting key predators.

Captive European Beaver (Castor fiber). ©Lorne Gill/SNH.  For information on reproduction rights contact the Scottish Natural Heritage Image Library on Tel. 01738 444177 or www.snh.gov.uk/copyright/

Eurasian beaver

Find out more about beavers, and the work we've been doing on them



Last updated on Monday 8th June 2015 at 12:15 PM. Click here to comment on this page