Managing coasts and sea
Effective management of the many uses and activities in the marine environment is crucial to safeguard our renowned wildlife and landscapes, and is equally important in preserving a future for those industries which rely on the coast and sea. Scotland's diverse coasts and seas support a wealth of habitats and species, generate more than £2.2 billion for the Scottish economy, and are a key part of our culture, history, landscape and recreation.
Following widespread consultation, the Marine (Scotland) Act 2010 received Royal Assent on 10 March 2010, aiming to achieve better protection for the marine environment and more streamlined regulation for the use of the sea. It includes proposals for a marine planning system and new marine nature conservation provisions, including Marine Protected Areas. Marine Scotland has been established to coordinate delivery of the marine bill provisions as well as better marine fisheries management and marine science.
We aim to promote and facilitate sustainable fisheries, minimising negative impacts on target species, non-target species and habitats.
Aquaculture is a vital industry for rural Scotland, particularly on the west coast and the islands where many communities depend on its employment.
The two main types of seaweed that are harvested in Scotland are the egg wrack, Ascophyllum nodosum and kelp, usually Laminaria hyperborea.
Scotland is the EU's largest petroleum producer. The discovery of North Sea oil in 1966 transformed the Scottish economy
Marine renewable technologies encompass those harnessing the power of offshore wind, waves and tides.
Scotland's rich and varied coastline often is a place where natural and human processes come together.
Invasive non-native plant and animal species are one of the greatest threats to biodiversity worldwide.
Last updated on Thursday 16th June 2011 at 17:24 PM. Click here to comment on this page