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Managing coasts and sea

Effective management of the many uses and activities in the marine environment is crucial to safeguard our renowned wildlife and landscapes, and is equally important in preserving a future for those industries which rely on the coast and sea. Scotland's diverse coasts and seas support a wealth of habitats and species, generate more than £2.2 billion for the Scottish economy, and are a key part of our culture, history, landscape and recreation.

Following widespread consultation, the Marine (Scotland) Act 2010  external site received Royal Assent on 10 March 2010,  aiming to achieve better protection for the marine environment and more streamlined regulation for the use of the sea. It includes proposals for a marine planning system and new marine nature conservation provisions, including Marine Protected Areas. Marine Scotland external site has been established to coordinate delivery of the marine bill provisions as well as better marine fisheries management and marine science.

Fisheries - Modern Pelagic Trawler. Copyright©Chris Martin/SNH For information on reproduction rights contact the Scottish Natural Heritage Image Library on Tel. 01738 444177 or www.snh.org.uk

Fisheries

We aim to promote and facilitate sustainable fisheries, minimising negative impacts on target species, non-target species and habitats.

Oyster farming at Culkein Drumbeg near Lochinver, Wester Ross, North Highland Area., ©John Charity/SNH For information on reproduction rights contact the Scottish Natural Heritage Image Library on Tel. 01738 444177 or www.snh.org.uk

Aquaculture

Aquaculture is a vital industry for rural Scotland, particularly on the west coast and the islands where many communities depend on its employment.

Laminaria hyperborea kelp forest and soft corals Alcyonium digitatum on infralittoral rock. Copyright©Sue Scott/SNH For information on reproduction rights contact the Scottish Natural Heritage Image Library on Tel. 01738 444177 or www.snh.gov.uk

Seaweed harvesting

The two main types of seaweed that are harvested in Scotland are the egg wrack, Ascophyllum nodosum and kelp, usually Laminaria hyperborea.

North Sea Rig. 
Copyright ©John Baxter/SNH For information on reproduction rights contact the Scottish Natural Heritage Image Library on Tel. 01738 444177 or www.snh.gov.uk

Oil and gas

Scotland is the EU's largest petroleum producer. The discovery of North Sea oil in 1966 transformed the Scottish economy

EMEC (European Marine Energy Centre) OpenHydro's open centre turbine tidal power test rig in Orkney ©John Baxter/SNH For information on reproduction rights contact the Scottish Natural Heritage Image Library on Tel. 01738 444177 or www.snh.org.uk

Marine renewables

Marine renewable technologies encompass those harnessing the power of offshore wind, waves and tides.

Coastal defence works. Infilling with top soil. Copyright ©Elspeth Christie/SNH For information on reproduction rights contact the Scottish Natural Heritage Image Library on Tel. 01738 444177 or www.snh.gov.uk

Coastal development, erosion and defence, etc

Scotland's rich and varied coastline often is a place where natural and human processes come together.

Wireweed (Sargassum muticum)

Marine non-natives

Invasive non-native plant and animal species are one of the greatest threats to biodiversity worldwide.



Last updated on Thursday 22nd August 2013 at 09:31 AM. Click here to comment on this page