Why do we need marine planning?
There has been a planning system on land for over 50 years, but until now there has been no similar system to plan for all uses of the marine environment. This has meant that different sectors have developed in isolation from each other and there has been no way to plan ahead and coordinate activities in our increasingly busy seas.
What should marine planning deliver?
We welcome the introduction of a marine planning system as one of the most important elements of the Marine (Scotland) Act 2010 . We are keen that marine planning will:
- guide the location of all marine uses and activities and ensure they occur in the most suitable and least environmentally sensitive areas;
- minimise conflicts of interest and encourage compatible uses;
- be guided by clear sustainable development objectives and respect environmental limits to ensure healthy and productive seas in the future;
- identify and safeguard important natural and cultural heritage features, including Priority Marine Features and complement the role of Marine Protected Areas .
- support, where appropriate, measures to actively improve the environmental quality of Scotland's coasts and seas, particularly where these qualities enhance ecosystem services.
How will marine planning work?
The Marine (Scotland) Act 2010 introduces a 3-tier marine planning system:
- International - the UK Marine Act provisions (through a UK Marine Policy Statement ) link to wider initiatives such as the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive and the EU Maritime Spatial Planning Directive ;
- National - a Scottish National Marine Plan (NMP) setting out high-level objectives, general policies and sectoral policies. Scotland's first National Marine Plan was adopted under the Marine (Scotland) Act 2010 in March 2015, providing a high-level framework for the management of all developments, activities and interests in the marine environment around Scotland (territorial and offshore waters);
- Regional - Regional Marine Plans , which may be prepared for 11 Scottish Marine Regions covering Scottish territorial waters. Statutory regional Marine Planning Partnerships (MPPs) are being established in a phased roll out. Regional marine plans must be developed in accordance with the NMP.
So far the following regions have established MPPs and been granted the delegated authority to create regional marine plans:
- Clyde - further information is available from the Clyde Forum web pages
- Shetland - further information is available from the NAFC Marine Centre web pages. Shetland already has a marine plan, now in its fourth iteration and adopted as supplementary guidance to the Shetland Local Development Plan (under the Town & Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1984).
Once marine plans are in place, public bodies must take decisions, such as granting licences or planning permission, in accordance with the plan policies.
Our engagement in marine planning
We have had considerable input to the development of the Shetland Marine Plan, via the Advisory Group, Policy Development Sub-Group and Spatial Analysis Working Group.
We have previously engaged with a series of pilot projects that trialled approaches to preparing regional and local marine plans in Scotland, including the Scottish Sustainable Marine Environment Initiative (SSMEI) projects and the Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters pilot spatial plan.
Looking forward to further marine planning under the Marine (Scotland) Act 2010, we are likely to have an important role in plan preparation, implementation and monitoring at both the national and regional scales. We will:
- work jointly with other agencies and stakeholders as part of a joint process of plan-making;
- advise on the Strategic Environmental Assessment and Habitat Regulations Appraisal of marine plans;
- provide information on the importance, distribution and sensitivity of marine habitats and species;
- help to determine marine natural heritage priorities (including biodiversity, geology, landscape and recreation);
- advise on the management of Marine Protected Areas and other sensitive sites within the plan area;
- support coherence of planning systems across the land-sea interface by joint-working across units in Scottish Natural Heritage.
To support marine planners in the application of an ecosystem approach, we have prepared a Summary of selected tools, examples and guidance for an ecosystem approach to marine planning.
We are members of the Scottish Coastal Forum and work closely with communities through local coastal partnerships and Inshore Fishery Groups . Our engagement with these groups will be closely linked to our input to marine plans.
Last updated on Wednesday 18th May 2016 at 16:14 PM. Click here to comment on this page