What are they?
Biogenetic reserves are a non-statutory designation made by the Council of Europe under resolutions 76(17) on the European Network of Biogenetic Reserves, and 79(9) concerning rules for the European Network of Biogenetic Reserves.
The concept of biogenetic reserves arose from the Bern Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (ratified by the UK Government in 1983).
Where are they?
How are they protected and managed?
Biogenetic reserves were first established to accommodate biological research. Their purpose has since been overtaken by that of Scotland's national nature reserve network.
How are they selected and designated?
In Scotland, designation of a biogenetic reserve would be by the Council of Europe in response to a proposal from the Scottish Ministers based on advice from Scottish Natural Heritage.
There have been no proposals since 1992. The designation is now rarely referred to.